Tip #1 Let Your Child Read The Question
Always get your child to read the question to you while you read it to yourself at the same time to make sure they’re saying the words correctly. This way you’re engaging them immediately in the learning process. If you read the question to them…they may not be fully concentrating on what you’re saying.
By reading it to you…you can evaluate whether they can say the words correctly and how easily they read the words.
Then once they’ve read the question…you’re ready for the next step.
Tip #2 Teach By Asking Questions
The next step after they’ve read the question is to ask them…Do you know how to do this one? or How do you do this one?
If they say yes…then say ok…show me.
If they say they no they don’t know…then your job is to guide them to the first step.
By asking questions you find out where your child is at. If you just tell them how to do it…then you’re not engaging them in the learning process. They’re not thinking…they don’t get it…they start to think about other things and can lose interest.
It’s so important to engage them every step of the way so they are thinking about how to do each step.
It’s also very important to give your child time to think about how to do each step. And if it looks like they don’t know what it is…a good thing to ask is “Not sure?” and then wait for their response.
If they say they don’t know then your job is to guide them to the next step. For example say you’re teaching them how to add and subtract negative numbers.
– 2 + – 3
How do you do this question? Or Do you know how to do this one? Wait for their response…
Not sure? Wait for their response…
What do you do with these two signs? Wait for their response…Ans: circle them and write a negative sign above the circle
Ok so what does the sum say now? Wait for their response…
So how to you work it out? Wait for their response…
and so on…always asking a question to see if they know what to do…then guiding them to the next step by asking a question like:
Ok what’s the next step? and on on.
So you have to know the steps so you can guide your child to them. You need to guide them to each step by asking them if they know what the next step is firstly. If they don’t then you need to let them know in a way that is not just giving them the answer (if possible).
Sometimes when my students don’t know the next step I say things like: “Ok it’s either 5 or two million..” and they can see that the answer has to be 5. So you need to always keep them thinking about what step needs to be done.
So remember: The only way you can know whether your child knows how to do a question…or do the next step…is to ask them a question.
And make sure you give them enough time to think about what you’ve asked them.
Tip # 3 Always Encourage Your Child
Always encourage your child if they get the right or incorrect answer…and especially if they get the wrong answer. But don’t say “No that’s wrong” or “No”…this just makes them shut down.
Instead encourage them by saying “Good try…but this is how you do it” and then guide them to how to do the next step. Sometimes I say “Short answer is no…but good try anyway :)”
It’s all about asking, encouraging, and guiding. Teaching this way will keep your child engaged in the learning.
Encouragement for every try they make will build their confidence.